I am proud to represent the energy capital of the world. Here in Houston, we know about energy. We know the last decade has brought an energy renaissance that has reduced costs and increased investment here and around the world. We know that domestic production of oil and natural gas is critical to our national security, our economy, and our energy future. And we know that renewable energy is an increasingly important part of the energy mix. We also know that climate change represents a real and growing threat. We know we are already experiencing its effects.
To meet this dual challenge, we need the U.S. leading the way to an energy future that is safer, cleaner, and more efficient. To do that, we need big ideas. And there is no better place to find them than here in Houston.
When it comes to energy innovation, this is its home. And people across the district are working to make sure Texas is the leader in developing wind energy in the U.S. We have installed more wind power than any other state. Research and development of new energy technologies for carbon capture are happening here, and creative natural infrastructure ideas like carbon sequestration through a market-based system are Texas-based proposals.
Most important, in the last decade, the advances in technology that have transformed our energy economy have substantially reduced U.S. carbon emissions. Replacing coal-fired plants with natural gas plants has contributed more to the reduction of domestic carbon emissions than any other effort. And reducing emissions is key to addressing climate change.
We need the input of a diverse and broad coalition of stakeholders who have the energy expertise we need to chart our path forward. Our plan and our process must be focused on working together, not casting blame or delaying action. In Congress, I bring this unique and important perspective.
As Chair of the Science, Space and Technology Committee’s Subcommittee on Energy and a member of the Subcommittee on Environment, I advocate for policies that address the need for clean, reliable energy at home and around the world, the reality and urgency of climate change, and the concerns for our environment and our communities. On the Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, I am focused on the question of how we develop modern energy infrastructure that both lowers carbon emissions and delivers low-cost energy to consumers which allows the economy to thrive.
I have spoken up in favor of thoughtful policies that will help us reach our shared goals, and I have spoken out against proposals that I believe are misguided. I helped introduce the Fossil Energy Research and Development Act of 2019, which expands Department of Energy (DOE) research, development, and demonstration programs for carbon capture, and have worked to facilitate policy that will enhance both carbon capture and direct air capture technologies. I also co-sponsored the ARPA-E Reauthorization Act of 2019 to pursue the scaling-up and demonstration of truly transformational clean energy technologies. And I voted for the Climate Action Now Act, recommitting the United States to the Paris Agreement and ensuring that we are leading the efforts on climate and leading in energy production and technology, while introducing an amendment that our plan to do so remains technology-neutral. At the same time, I have opposed efforts to ban fracking, to ban offshore drilling, and to curtail use of natural gas, which has been a key driver in reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Since the coronavirus pandemic and its devastating impact on our energy providers, I led a bipartisan effort to make sure energy jobs were included in critical support programs under the CARES Act. I also introduced bipartisan, bicameral legislation to purchase $3 billion of crude oil for the Strategic Petroleum Reserve while prices are low—a win for our national security, for energy producers, and for taxpayers.